Z. Naturforsch. 68a, 362 – 370
Oxygen and Hydrogen Isotopic Preference in Hydration Spheres of Magnesium and Calcium Ions
Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioicho, Chiyodaku, Tokyo 102-8554, Japan
Received September 6, 2012 / revised November 26, 2012 / published online February 6, 2013
Molecular orbital calculations were performed to estimate the 18O/16O and D/H isotopic reduced partition function ratios (rpfrs) of water molecules around magnesium and calcium ions. As model for water molecules in the ith hydration sphere of the cation in aqueous solutions containing that cation, we considered water molecules in the ith hydration sphere that were surrounded by water molecules in the (i+1)th hydration sphere in clusters, M2+(H2O)n (M = Mg or Ca; n up to 100). The calculations indicated that the decreasing order of the 18O preference over 16O in the primary hydration sphere is Mg2+> Ca2+> bulk water. That is, water molecules in the
primary hydration spheres of the Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions are expected to be enriched in the heavier isotope of oxygen relative to water molecules in bulk, and the degree of the enrichment is larger for the Mg2+ ion than for the Ca2+ ion. No such preference was observed for hydrogen isotopes in any hydration sphere or for oxygen isotopes in the secondary and outer hydration spheres.
Key words: Reduced Partition Function Ratio; Isotope Salt Effects; Hydrogen and Oxygen Isotopes; Vapour Pressure Isotope Effects; Hydration Spheres.