Z. Naturforsch. 68a, 39 – 47
Molten Salts and Isotope Separation
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire PECSA, UMR 7195, 4 place Jussieu, F-75252 Cedex 05, PARIS
Received September 21, 2012 / published online February 15, 2013
The work on molten salts and isotope separation performed over the years at Université Pierre et Marie Curie and at Collège de France is critically reviewed. This research, closely related to A. Klemm's pioneering contributions, leads among other things to the discovery of the effect now called the ‘Chemla effect’, after the late Professor Marius Chemla. These studies of ionic motions in melts, and liquids in general, have greatly benefitted from recent advances in molecular simulations. Some recent results of such simulations – molecular dynamics (MD) and Brownian dynamics (BD) – as well as of related theoretical work are discussed.
Key words: Transport Number; Ionic Mobility; Isotope Effect; Diffusion Coefficient; Molecular Dynamics; Fused Salt.